Free Access
Issue
Environ. Biosafety Res.
Volume 7, Number 4, October-December 2008
Page(s) 185 - 196
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/ebr:2008022
Published online 16 December 2008
  • Arias DM, Rieseberg LH (1994) Gene flow between cultivated and wild sunflower. Theor. Appl. Genet. 89: 655–660 [PubMed]
  • Boyette G, Templeton E, Oliver LR (1984) Texas gourd (Cucurbita texana) control. Weed Science 32: 649–655
  • Bridges DC (1992) Crop Losses Due to Weeds in Canada and the United States. Bridges DC, ed, Champaign, IL, Weed Science Society of America
  • Brookes G, Barfoot P (2005) GM crops: the global economic and environmental impact – the first nine years 1996–2004. AgBioForum 8: 187–196
  • Brookes G, Barfoot P (2006) Global impact of biotech crops: Socio-economic and environmental effects in the first ten years of commercial use. AgBioForum 9: 138–151
  • Burke JM, Rieseberg LH (2003) Fitness effects of transgenic disease resistance in sunflowers. Science 300: 1250 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Chung SM, Decker-Walters DS, Staub JE (2006) Cultivar-to-wild population introgression in Cucurbita pepo subsp. ovifera. J. New Seeds 8: 1–18 [CrossRef]
  • Decker DS (1988) Origin(s), evolution, and systematics of Cucurbita pepo (Cucurbitaceae). Econ. Botany 42: 4–15 [CrossRef]
  • Decker-Walters DS, Walters TW, Cowan CW, Smith BD (1993) Isozymic characterization of wild populations of Cucurbita pepo. J. Ethnobiol. 13: 55–72
  • Decker-Walters DS, Staub JE, Chung S-M, Nakata E, Quemada HD (2002) Diversity in free-living populations of Cucurbita pepo (Cucurbitaceae) as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Syst. Botany 27: 19–28
  • Frey A, Di Canzio J, Zurakowski D (1998) A statistically defined endpoint titer determination method for immunoassays. J. Immunol. Methods 221: 35–41 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Fuchs M, Chirco EM, Gonsalves D (2004a) Movement of coat protein genes from a commercial virus-resistant transgenic squash into a wild relative. Environ. Biosafety Res. 3: 5–16 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed]
  • Fuchs M, Chirco EM, McFerson J, Gonsalves D (2004b) Comparative fitness of a wild squash species and three generations of hybrids between wild X virus-resistant transgenic squash. Environ. Biosafety Res. 3: 17–28 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed]
  • Hancock J (2003) A framework for assessing the risk of transgenic crops. BioScience 53: 512–519 [CrossRef]
  • Kirkpatrick KJ, Wilson HD (1988) Interspecific gene flow in Cucurbita: C. texana vs. C. pepo. Am. J. Bot. 75: 519–527 [CrossRef]
  • Klas F, Fuchs M, Gonsalves D (2006) Comparative spatial spread overtime of Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus (ZYMV) and Watermelon Mosaic Virus (WMV) in fields of transgenic squash expressing the coat protein genes of ZYMV and WMV, and in fields of nontransgenic squash. Transgenic Res. 15: 527–541 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Kuti JO, Moline HR (1986) Effects of inoculation with a mild strain of tomato aspermy virus on the growth and yield of tomatoes and the potential for cross protection. J. Phytopathol. 115: 56–60 [CrossRef]
  • Linder CR, Taha I, Seiler G, Snow A, Rieseberg L (1998) Long-term introgression of crop genes into wild sunflower populations. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96: 339–347 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Madden LV, Hughes G (1999) Sampling for plant disease incidence. Phytopathology 89: 1088–1103 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Pallet DW, Milou IT, Edwards M, Naylor M, Wang H, Alexander M, Gray AJ, Mitchell E, Raybould A, Walsh JA, Cooper JI (2004) A tiered approach to risk assessment of virus resistance traits based on studies with wild Brassicas in England. In den Nijs HCM, Bartsch D, Sweet J, eds, Introgression from Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives, pp 309–322
  • Perring TM, Farrar CA, Blua MJ, Wang HL, Gonsalves D (1995) Cross protection of cantaloupe with a mild strain of zucchini yellow mosaic virus: effectiveness and application. Crop Prot. 14: 601–606 [CrossRef]
  • Pilson D (2000) Herbivory and natural selection on flowering phenology in wild sunflower, Helianthus annuus. Oecologia 122: 72–82
  • Pilson D, Decker KL (2002) Compensation for herbivory in wild sunflower: response to simulated damage by the head-clipping weevil. Ecology 83: 3097–3107 [CrossRef]
  • Raybould A, Cooper I (2005) Tiered tests to assess the environmental risk of fitness changes in hybrids between transgenic crops and wild relatives: the example of virus resistant Brassica napus. Environ. Biosafety Res. 4: 127–140
  • Reagon M, Snow AA (2006) Cultivated Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) as a genetic “bridge” to weedy sunflower populations in North America. Am. J. Bot. 93: 127–133 [CrossRef]
  • Rieseberg LH, Kim MJ, Seiler GJ (1999) Introgression between cultivated sunflowers and a sympatric wild relative, Helianthus petiolaris (Asteraceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 160: 102–108 [CrossRef]
  • Sankula S (2006) Quantification of the impacts on US agriculture of biotechnology-derived crops planted in 2005. National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, Washington, D.C.
  • Sankula S, Blumenthal E (2004) Impacts on US agriculture of biotechnology-derived crops planted in 2003 – an update of eleven case studies. National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, Washington, D.C.
  • Smith BD, Cowan CW, Hoffman MP (1992) Is it an indigene or a foreigner? In Smith BD, ed, Rivers of change: essays on the origins of agriculture in eastern North America. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp 67–100
  • Snow AA, Moran-Palma P, Rieseberg LH, Wszelaki A, Seiler GJ (1998) Fecundity, phenology, and seed of F1 wild-crop hybrids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae). Am. J. Bot. 85: 794–801 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Snow AA, Pilson D, Rieseberg LH, Paulsen MJ, Pleskac N, Reagon MR, Wolf DE, Selbo SM (2003) A Bt Transgene reduces herbivory and enhances fecundity in wild sunflowers. Ecol. Appl. 13: 279–286 [CrossRef]
  • Spence NJ, Mead A, Miller A, Shaw ED, Walkey DGA (1996) The effect on yield in courgette and marrow of the mild strain of zucchini yellow mosaic virus used for cross-protection. Ann. Appl. Biol. 129: 247–259 [CrossRef]
  • Spencer LJ, Snow AA (2001) Fecundity of transgenic wild-crop hybrids of Cucurbita pepo (Cucurbitaceae): implications for crop to wild gene flow. Heredity 86: 694–702 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • US National Research Council (2000) Genetically modified pest-protected plants: science and regulation. National Academy Press, Washington DC
  • US National Research Council (2002) Environmental effects of transgenic plants: the scope and adequacy of regulation. National Academy Press, Washington DC
  • USDA (1994a) Availalability of determination of nonregulated status for virus resistant squash. Federal Register 59: 64187–64189
  • USDA (1994b) APHIS/USDA Petition 92-204-01 for determination of nonregulated status for ZW-20 squash. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http://www.aphis. usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/92_20401p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1994c) USDA/APHIS Petition P93-106-01 for Determination That BXNTM Cotton Poses No Plant Pest Risk. Environmental Assessment February 1994. Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for Nonregulatory Status of BXNTM Cotton, Calgene Petition P93-1096-01. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/93_19601p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1994d) Response to Calgene Petition 94-090-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Laurate Canola Lines. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/94_09001p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1995a) Monsanto Petition 95-045-01p to USDA/APHIS for Determination of Nonregulated Status of Glyphosate Tolerant Cotton (Roundup ReadyTM). Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/ 95_04501p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1995b) USDA/APHIS Determination on a Petition 94-308-01p of Monsanto Agricultural Company Seeking Nonregulated Status of Lepidopteran-resistant Cotton Lines 531, 757, 1076. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/94_30801p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1996a) Asgrow Seed Company: Availability of Determination of Nonregulated Status for Squash Line Genetically Engineered for Virus Resistance. Federal Register 61: 33484–33485
  • USDA (1996b) USDA/APHIS Petition 95-352-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for CZW-3 Squash. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/95_35201p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1996c) Dupont Petition 95-256-01p to USDA/APHIS for Determination of Nonregulated Status of Sulfonylurea Tolerant Cotton Line 19-51a. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/95_25601p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1997a) USDA/APHIS Petition 97-013-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Events 31807 and 31808 Cotton. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/97_01301p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1997b) USDA/APHIS Petition 97-013-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Events 310807 and 31808 Cotton. Evironmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/97_01301p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1998a) AgrEvo USA Company Petition 98-329-01p. Determination of Nonregulated Status for Glufosinate Tolerant Rice Transformation Events LLRICE06 and LLRICE62. Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/98_32901p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1998b) Response to AgrEvo Petition 97-205-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Glufosinate Tolerant Canola. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/97_20501p_com.pdf
  • USDA (1999a) Response to AgrEvo Petition 98-278-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Canola Transformation Events MS8 and RF3 Genetically Engineered for Pollination Control and Tolerance to Glufosinate Herbicide. Finding of No Significant Impact.
  • USDA (1999b) Response to Monsanto Petition 98-216-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Glyphosate-Tolerant Canola Line RT73. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/98_21601p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2002a) Approval of Monsanto Company Petition (00-342-01p) Seeking a Determination of Nonregulated Status for Bollgard II Cotton Event 15985 Producing the Cry2Ab Insect Control Protein Derived from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/00_34201p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2002b) USDA/APHIS Decision on Monsanto Company Request (01-324-01p) Seeking an Extension of Determination of Nonregulated Status for Glyphosate Tolerant Canola Event GT200. Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/01_32401p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2002c) Approval of Aventis CropScience USA LP (01-206-01p) Seeking Extension of Determination of Non-regulated Status for Male Sterile, Fertility Restoration, Glufosinate Tolerant Canola Transformation MS1 and RF1/RF2. Finding of No Significant Impact. http://www.aphis. usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/01_20601p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2002d) USDA/APHIS Decision on Aventis CropScience USA LP Request (01-206-02p) Seeking and Extension of Determination of Nonregulated Status for Glufosinate Tolerant Canola Event Topas 19/2. Finding of No Significant Impact. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/ 01_20602p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2003) Approval of Aventis CropScience USA LP Petition (02-042-01p) Seeking a Determination of Non-regulated Status for Glufosinate-ammonium Herbicide-tolerant Cotton Transformation Event LLCotton25. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/02_04201p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2004a) Approval of Monsanto Company Request (04-086-01p) Seeking a Determination of Non-regulated Status for Glyphosate Tolerant Cotton Event MON 88913. http://www.aphis. usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/04_08601p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2004b) Approval of Mycogen/Dow Petitions 03-036-01p and 03-036-02p Seeking Determination of Nonregulated Status for Insect-Resistant Cotton Events 281-24-236 and 3006-210-23 Genetically Engineered to Express Synthetic B.t. Cry1F and Cry1Ac, Respectively. Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ brs/aphisdocs2/03_03601p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2005) Syngenta Petition 03-155-01p for Determination of Nonregulated Status for Lepidopteran Resistant Cotton Event COT102. USDA/APHIS Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/aphisdocs2/03_15501p_com.pdf
  • USDA (2006) Finding of No Significant Impact. Animal Plant Health Inspection Service. Extension of Nonregulated Status to Rice Line LLRICE601. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/ aphisdocs2/06_23401p_com.pdf.
  • Whitton JD, Wolf E, Arias DM, Snow AA, Rieseberg LL (1997) The persistence of cultivar alleles in wild populations of sunflowers five generations after hybridization. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95: 33–40 [CrossRef]
  • Wilson HD (1990) Gene flow in squash species. BioScience 40: 449–455 [CrossRef]