Free Access
Issue
Environ. Biosafety Res.
Volume 4, Number 4, October-December 2005
Page(s) 243 - 251
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/ebr:2006005
Published online 22 June 2006
  • Agbios (2005) GM Database. Accessed 31 Oct 2005, http://www.agbios.com/dbase.php
  • Chambers JA, Jelen A, Gilbert MP, Jany CS, Johnson TB, Gawron-Burke C (1991) Isolation and characterization of a novel insecticidal protein gene from Bacillus thuringiensis sbsp. aizawai. J. Bacteriol. 173: 3966–3976
  • Dively GP, Rose R, Sears MK, Hellmich RL, Stanley-Horn DE, Calvin DD, Russo JJ, Anderson PL (2004) Effects on monarch butterfly larvae (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) after continuous exposure to Cry1Ab-expressing maize during anthesis. Environ. Entomol. 33: 1116–1125 [CrossRef]
  • Fukuda H, Hama E, Kuzuya T, Takahashi A, Takahashi M, Tanaka B, Tanaka H, Wakabayasi M, Watanabe Y (1984) The Original Colors Encyclopedia of Japanese Butterfly Ecology III, Hoikusha, Japan, pp 249–254
  • Giesy JP, Solomon KR, Coats JR, Dixon K, Giddings J, Kenaga EE (1999) Ecological risk assessment of chlorpyrifos in North American aquatic environments. Rev. Environ. Contam. T. 160: 1–129
  • Hamsen B (2001) Red List of Japan, 2000. Accessed 15 April 2005, http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/har/jp.htm
  • Hellmich R, Siegfried B, Sears M, Stanley-Horn D, Daniels M, Mattila H, Spencer T, Bidne K, Lewis L (2001) Monarch larvae sensitivity to Bacillus thuringiensis-purified proteins and pollen. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 11925–11930 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Inayoshi Y (1999) A checklist of butterflies in Indo-China, Pseudozizeeria maha maha. Accessed 31 January 2006, http://yutaka.it-n.jp/lyc4/80920001.html
  • J-BCH, Ministry of Environment, Japan Biosafety Clearing House (2005) Biological diversity risk assessment report: maize resistant to Lepidoptera and tolerant to glufosinate herbicide (Cry1f, pat, Zea mays subsp. mays (L.) Iltis) (Bt Cry1F maize line 1507, OECD UI: DAS-Ø15Ø7-1), 2005-03-02. Accessed 24 March 05, http://www.bch.biodic.go.jp/download/en_lmo/1507enRi.pdf
  • Kudo T, Kudo S, Kudo S, Takagi H (2000) Yamato shijimi goes into Aomori Prefecture. Choken Field 174: 26
  • Lang A, Ludy C, Vojtech E (2004) Dispersion and deposition of Bt maize pollen in field margins. J. Plant Dis. Protection 111: 417–428
  • MAFF, Japan Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2000) Risk assessment of insect-resistant genetically modified maize. MAFF Update: 355, 14 Apr 2000. Accessed 7 November 2001, http://www.maff.go.jp/mud/355.html
  • MAFF, Japan Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2004) Annual Statistical Report on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 2004, pp 13–28 (production-3). Statistics and Information Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. http://www.maff.go.jp/toukei/sokuhou/data/shiryou-sakumotsu2004/shiryou-sakumotsu2004.htm
  • Matsuo K, Kawashima S, Du M, Saito O, Matsui M, Ohtsu K, Ohkauro T, Matsumura T, Mitamura T (2002) Risk assessment for dispersal of Bt-maize pollen to non-target lepidopteran insects. Bulletin of the National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Japan. No. 21. Accessed 12 April 2005, http://rms1.agsearch.agropedia.affrc.go.jp/contents/ JASI/pdf/JASI/65-0388.pdf
  • MDA, Minnesota Department of Agriculture (2005) Agricultural Weed Survey. Accessed 5 January 2006, http://www.mda.state.mn.us/weedcontrol/weedsurvey.htm
  • Peacock JW, Schweitzer DF, Carter JL, Dubois NR (1998) Laboratory assessment of the effects of Bacillus thuringiensis on native Lepidoptera. Environ. Entomol. 27: 450–457
  • Pleasants J, Hellmich R, Dively G, Sears M, Stanley-Horn D, Mattila H, Foster J, Clark P, Jones G (2001) Maize pollen deposition on milkweeds in and near maize fields. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 11919–11924 [CrossRef]
  • Romeis J, Meissle M, Bigler F (2006) Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. Nat. Biotechnol. 24: 63–71 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Savela M (2003) Lepidoptera and some other life forms, Pseudozizeeria. Accessed 27 January 2006, http://www.nic. funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/ lycaenidae/polyommatinae/pseudozizeeria/index.html#maha
  • Sears M, Hellmich R, Stanley-Horn D, Oberhauser K, Pleasants J, Mattila H, Siegfried B, Dively G (2001) Impact of Bt maize pollen on monarch butterfly populations: a risk assessment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 11937–11942 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • SETAC, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (1994) Aquatic Dialogue Group: Pesticide risk assessment and mitigation. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pensacola, FL
  • Shirai Y, Takahashi MT (2005) Effects of transgenic Bt corn pollen on a non-target lycaenid butterfly, Pseudozizeeria maha. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 40: 151–159 [CrossRef]
  • Shirôzu T, Hara A (1962) Early Stages of Japanese Butterflies in Colour, Hoikusha, Osaka, Japan
  • USEPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency (1998) Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment Forum and Office of Research and Development. Washington, DC. EPA/630/R-95/002F
  • USEPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency (2001) Biopesticide Registration Action Document: Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1F Maize. Accessed 6 April 2005, http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/ingredients/tech_docs/ brad_006481.pdf
  • Wilken D, Hannah L (1998) Oxalis corniculata (Oxalidaceae) creeping wood sorrel. Southwest Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse. Accessed 30 December 2005, http://usgssrv1. usgs.nau.edu/swepic/
  • Wolt JD, Peterson RKD, Bystrak P, Meade T (2003) A screening level approach for non-target insect risk assessment: Transgenic Bt maize pollen and the monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danaiidae). Environ. Entomol. 32: 237–246 [CrossRef]