Free Access
Environ. Biosafety Res.
Volume 3, Number 4, October-December 2004
Page(s) 183 - 196
Published online 15 June 2005
  • Arritt RW, Clark CA, Reese JM, Westgate ME (2005) Lagrangian numerical simulations of maize pollen dispersion and comparison with observations. Intl. J. Biometeor. (in review) [Google Scholar]
  • Ayers GE, Babcock CE, Hull DO (1972) Corn combine field performance in Iowa. In Grain Damage Symposium, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, pp 1–17 [Google Scholar]
  • Aylor DE, Schiltes NP, Shields EJ (2003) An aerobiological framework for assessing cross-pollination in maize. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 119: 111–129 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bucchini L, Goldman LR (2002) Starlink maize: A risk analysis. Environ. Health Persp. 110: 5–13 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carlson G, Clay D (2002) Estimating harvest loss. Accessed electronically 13 May 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • Christensen P, Manjit MS, Rai S, Shyy Y-Y, Wolt JD (2005) Confined Production Processes for Non-Food Corn. Biosafety Institute for Genetically Modified Agricultural Products, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa [Google Scholar]
  • Colbach N, Clermont-Dauphin C, Meynard JM (2001) GENESYS: a model of the influence of cropping system on gene escape from herbicide tolerant rapeseed crops to rape volunteers - I. Temporal evolution of a population of rapeseed volunteers in a field. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 83: 235–253 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Columbus E, Willcutt H (2001) Effect of field dry down and delayed harvest on corn yield and quality. MAFES Information bulletin 386. Accessed electronically, 13 May 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • Cullen AC, Frey HC (1999) Probabilistic Techniques in Exposure Assessment: A handbook for dealing with Variability and Uncertainty in Models and Inputs. Plenum Press, New York [Google Scholar]
  • Ellstrand NC (2003) Going to “great lengths” to prevent the escape of genes that produce specialty chemicals. Plant Physiol. 132: 1–5 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Farnham D (2001) Corn planting guide. PM1885. Iowa State University Extension. Accessed electronically 5 July 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • Feil B, Schmid JE (2002) Dispersal of maize, wheat, and rye pollen. Shaker Verlag, Aachen, Germany [Google Scholar]
  • Food and Drug Administration [FDA] (2003) Guidance for Industry: Drugs, Biologics, and Medical Devices Derived from Bioengineered Plants for Use in Humans and Animals, Draft Guidance. FDA, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research. Accessed electronically, 25 Feb 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • Hanna HM (2004) Combine clean-out research. 26th Annual Seed Technology Conference, Output Traits for Corn and Soybeans, 17 Feb 2004, Seed Science Center, Iowa State University [Google Scholar]
  • Hanna HM, Jarboe DH, Quick GR (2002a) Field equipment clean-out for identity-preserved grain production. Iowa Grain Quality Initiative, Iowa State University. Accessed electronically, 28 June 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • Hanna HM, Kohl KD, Haden DA (2002b) Machine losses from conventional versus narrow row corn harvest. Appl. Engineer. Agric. 18: 405–409 [Google Scholar]
  • James C (2003) Preview: Global Status of Commercialized Transgenic Crops: 2003. ISAAA Briefs No. 30. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications: Ithaca, NY [Google Scholar]
  • Jenkinson DS (1988) Soil organic matter dynamics, In Wild A. ed, Russell’s Soil Conditions and Plant Growth, 11th edn, Longman, Essex, England, pp 564–607 [Google Scholar]
  • Jones MD, Brooks JS (1950) effectiveness of distance and border rows in preventing outcrossing in maize. Oklahoma Agric. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. No. T-38. Stillwater, OK [Google Scholar]
  • Jones MD, Newell LC (1946) Pollen cycles and pollen dispersal in relation to grass improvement. Univ. Nebraska Agric. Exp. Sta. Res. Bull. No. 148. Lincoln, NE [Google Scholar]
  • Klein EK, Lavigne C, Foueillassar X, Gouyon PH, Larédo C (2003) Corn pollen dispersal: mechanistic models and field experiments. Ecological Monographs 73: 131–150 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mellon M, Rissler J (2004) Gone to Seed: Transgenic Contaminants in the Traditional Seed Supply. UCS Publications, Cambridge, MA [Google Scholar]
  • National Research Council [NRC] (1983) Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. National Academy Press, Washington, DC [Google Scholar]
  • National Research Council [NRC] (2000) Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants: Science and Regulation. National Academy Press, Washington, DC [Google Scholar]
  • National Research Council [NRC] (2002) Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants. National Academy Press, Washington, DC [Google Scholar]
  • National Research Council [NRC] (2004) Biological Confinement of Genetically Modified Organisms. National Academy Press, Washington, DC [Google Scholar]
  • Peterson RKD, Arntzen CJ (2004) On risk and plant-based biopharmaceuticals. Trends Biotechnol. 22: 64–66 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Sears MK, Hellmich RL, Stanley-Horn DE, Oberhauser KS, Pleasants JM, Mattila HR, Siegfried BD, Dively GP (2001) Impact of Bt maize pollen on monarch butterfly populations: A risk assessment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98: 11937–11942 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • United States Department of Agriculture [USDA] (2003a) Field testing of plants to produce pharmaceutical and industrial compounds. Federal Register 68 (46) 11337–11340 [Google Scholar]
  • United States Department of Agriculture [USDA] (2003b) Introductions of plants genetically engineered to produce industrial compounds. Federal Register 68 (151) 46434–46436 [Google Scholar]
  • United States Department of Agriculture [USDA] (2004) What is the conformance history with APHIS’ biotechnology regulations? USDAS, APHIS, Biotechnology Regulatory Services. Accessed electronically 20 Feb 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency [USEPA] (1992) Guidelines for Exposure Assessment. FRL-4129-5. Exposure Assessment Group, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, USEPA, Washington, DC [Google Scholar]
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency [USEPA] (2002) EPA Settles with Two Biotech Seed Production Companies. USEPA Region 9 Press Release December 13, 2002 [Google Scholar]
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency [USEPA] (2003) AERMOD: Latest features and evaluation results. EPA-454/R-03-003 June 2003 [Google Scholar]
  • University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service [UACES] (2003) Corn harvesting. Accessed electronically 9 May 2004, [Google Scholar]
  • Vose D (2000) Risk analysis: A Quantitative Guide. 2nd edn, John Wiley, New York [Google Scholar]
  • Wolt JD, Peterson RKD (2000) Agricultural biotechnology and societal decision-making: The role of risk analysis. AgBioForum 3: 291–298 [Google Scholar]
  • Wolt JD, Peterson RKD, Bystrak P, Meade T (2003) A screening level approach for nontarget insect risk assessment: Transgenic Bt maize pollen and the monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Environ. Entomol. 32: 237–246 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]