Free Access
Issue
Environ. Biosafety Res.
Volume 3, Number 4, October-December 2004
Page(s) 215 - 223
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/ebr:2005005
Published online 15 June 2005
  • Bardócz S, Grant G, Brown DS, Ralph A, Pusztai A (1993) Polyamines in food-implications for growth and health. J. Nutr. Biochem. 4: 66–71 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bauer F, Hertel C, Hammes WP (1999) Transformation of Escherichia coli in foodstuffs. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 22: 161–168 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bauer T, Weller P, Hammes WP, Hertel C (2003) The effect of processing parameters on DNA degradation in food. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 217: 338–343 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Beck E, Ludwig G, Auerswald EA, Reiss B, Schaller H (1982) Nucleotide sequence and exact localization of the neomycin phosphotransferase gene from transposon Tn5. Gene 19: 327–336 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Belitz HD, Grosch W (1992) Lehrbuch der Lebensmittelchemie, Ed 4, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York [Google Scholar]
  • Berdal KG, Holst-Jensen A (2001) Roundup Ready® soybean event-specific real-time quantitative PCR assay and estimation of the practical detection and quantification limits in GMO analyses. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 213: 432–438 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bräutigam M, Hertel C, Hammes WP (1997) Evidence for natural transformation of Bacillus subtilis in foodstuffs. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 155: 93–98 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Codex Alimentarius Commission (1999) Principles and guidelines for the conduct of microbiological risk assessment. CAC/GL-30. [Google Scholar]
  • ftp://ftp.fao.org/codex/standard/en/CXG_030e.pdf [Google Scholar]
  • Codex Alimentarius Commission (2003a) Report of the third session of the codex Ad Hoc intergovernmental task force on foods derived from biotechnology. [Google Scholar]
  • ftp://ftp.fao.org/codex/alinorm03/Al03_34e.pdf [Google Scholar]
  • Codex Alimentarius Commission (2003b) Guidelines for the conduct of food safety assessment of foods derived from recombinant-DNA plants. CAC/GL-45-2003. ftp://ftp.fao.org/codex/2003Prepublicationtexts/Codex_Texts_on_Biotechnology(E).pdf [Google Scholar]
  • de Vries J, Meier P, Wackernagel W (2001) The natural transformation of the soil bacteria Pseudomonas stutzeri and Acinetobacter sp. by transgenic plant DNA strictly depends on homologous sequences in the recipient cells. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 195: 211–215 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • de Vries J, Wackernagel W (2002) Integration of foreign DNA during natural transformation of Acinetobacter sp. by homology-facilitated illegitimate recombination. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 2094–2099 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Demaneche S, Jocteur-Monrozier L, Quiquampoix H, Simonet P (2001) Evaluation of biological and physical protection against nuclease degradation of clay-bound plasmid DNA. Appl. Environ. Microb. 67: 293–299 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Deng H, Bloomfield VA, Benevides JM, George JT Jr (2000) Structural basis of polyamine-DNA recognition: spermidine and spermine interactions with genomic B-DNAs of different GC content probed by Raman spectroscopy. Nucl. Acids Res. 17: 3379–3385 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Douki T, Bretonniere Y, Cadet J (2000) Protection against radiation-induced degradation of DNA bases by polyamines. Radiat. Res. 153: 29–35 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • England LS, Holmes SB, Trevors JT (1998) Persistence of viruses and DNA in soil. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 14: 163–169 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission (1997) Regulation No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 1997 concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients. Official Journal of the European Communities L 043: 0001–0007. 14.02.1997 [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission (1998) Council Regulation No 1139/98 of 26 May 1998 concerning the compulsory indication of the labelling of certain foodstuffs produced from genetically modified organisms of particulars other than those provided for in Directive 79/112/EEC. Official Journal of the European Communities L 159: 0004–0007. 03.06.1998 [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission (2000) Regulation No 49/2000 of 10 January 2000 amending Council Regulation No 1139/98 concerning the compulsory indication on the labelling of certain foodstuffs produced from genetically modified organisms of particular or other than those provided for in Directive 79/112/EEC. Official Journal of the European Communities L 006: 0013–0014. 11.01.2000 [Google Scholar]
  • European Commission (2003) Regulation No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed. Official Journal of the European Union L 268: 0001–0023. 18.10.2003 [Google Scholar]
  • FAO/WHO (2000) Safety aspects of genetically modified foods of plant origin. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation on foods derived from biotechnology. http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/biotech/en/ec_june2000_en.pdf [Google Scholar]
  • Feuerstein BG, Pattabiraman N, Marton LJ (1986) Spermine-DNA interactions: a theoretical study. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83: 5948–5952 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gebhard F, Smalla K (1998) Transformation of Acinetobacter sp. strain BD413 by transgenic sugar beet DNA. Appl. Environ. Microb. 64: 1550–1554 [Google Scholar]
  • Gryson N, Ronsse F, Messens K, de Loose M, Verleyen T, Dewettinck K (2002) Detection of DNA during the refining of soybean oil. JAOCS 79: 171–174 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Halasz A, Barath A, Simon-Sarkadi L, Holzapfel W (1994) Biogenic amines and their production by micro-organisms in food. Trends Food Sci. Tech. 5: 42–29 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Heby O (1981) Role of polyamines in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. Differentiation 19: 1–20 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hupfer C, Hotzel H, Sachse K, Engel KH (1998) Detection of the genetic modification in heat-treated products of Bt maize by polymerase chain reaction. Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch. 206: 203–207 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hupfer C, Mayer J, Hotzel H, Sachse K, Engel KH (1999) The effect of ensiling on PCR-based defection of genetically modified Bt maize. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 209: 301–304 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Jonas DA, Elmadfa I, Engel KH, Heller KJ, Kozianowski G, König A, Müller D, Narbonne JF, Wackernagel W, Kleiner J (2001) Safety considerations of DNA in food. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 45: 235–254 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Khan NS, Hadi SM (1998) Structural features of tannic acid important for DNA degradation in the presence of Cu(II). Mutagenesis 13: 271–274 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Khan NS, Ahmad AS, Hadi SM (2000) Anti-oxidant, pro-oxidant properties of tannic acid and its binding to DNA. Chem.-Biol. Interact. 125: 177–189 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kharazmi M, Hammes WP, Hertel C (2002) Construction of a marker rescue system in Bacillus subtilis for detection of horizontal gene transfer in food. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25: 471–7 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kharazmi M, Bauer T, Hammes WP, Hertel C (2003a) Effect of food processing on the fate of DNA with regard to degradation and transformation capability in Bacillus subtilis. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 26: 495–501 [Google Scholar]
  • Kharazmi M, Sczesny S, Blaut M, Hammes WP, Hertel C (2003b) Marker rescue studies of the transfer of recombinant DNA to Streptococcus gordonii in vitro, in foods and gnotobiotic rats. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69: 6121– 6127 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Klein J, Altenbuchner J, Mattes R (1998) Nucleic acid and protein elimination during the sugar manufacturing process of conventional and transgenic sugar beets. J. Biotechnol. 60: 145–153 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lammerding AM (1997) An overview of microbial food safety risk assessment. J. Food. Prot. 60: 1420–1425 [Google Scholar]
  • Lengsfeld CS, Anchordoquy TJ (2002) Shear-induced degradation of plasmid DNA. J. Pharm. Sci. 91: 1581– 1589 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lindahl T (1993) Instability and decay of the primary structure of DNA. Nature 362: 709–715 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Norrander J, Kempe T, Messing J (1983) Construction of improved M13 vectors using oligodeoxynucleotide- directed mutagenesis. Gene 26: 101–106 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Oh TJ, Kim IG (1998) Polyamines protect against DNA strand breaks and aid cell survival against irradiation in Escherichia coli. Biotechnol. Tech. 12: 755–758 [Google Scholar]
  • Rizzi A, Panebianco L, Giaccu D, Sorlini C, Daffonichio D (2003) Stability and recovery of maize DNA during food processing. Ital. J. Food Sci. 15: 499–510 [Google Scholar]
  • Sambrook J, Russel DW (2001) Molecular Cloning: a laboratory manual, Ed 3. CSHL Press, Cold Spring Harbour, New York [Google Scholar]
  • Straub JA, Hertel C, Hammes WP (1999) The fate of recombinant DNA in thermally treated fermented sausages. Z. Lebensm. Unters Forsch. 210: 62–67 [Google Scholar]
  • Stute R, Petridis K, Steinhart H, Biernoth G (2002) Biogenic amines in fish and soy sauces. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 215: 101–107 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wittke A, Lick S, Heller KJ (2002) Transformation of Bacillus subtilis in chocolate milk: evidence for low frequency of establishment of cells transformed under non-selective conditions. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25: 478–482 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Yanisch-Perron C, Vieira J, Messing J (1985) Improved M13 phage cloning vectors and host strains: nucleotide sequences of the M13mp18 and pUC19 vectors. Gene 33: 103–119 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Yoshino M, Haneda M, Naruse M, Htay HH, Iwata S, Tsubouchi R, Murakami K (2002) Prooxidant action of gallic acid compounds: copper-dependent strand breaks and the formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in DNA. Toxicol. in vitro 16: 705–709 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zenz KI, Neve H, Geis A, Heller KJ (1998) Bacillus subtilis develops competence for uptake of plasmid DNA when growing in milk products. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 21: 28–32 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]