Free Access
Environ. Biosafety Res.
Volume 3, Number 1, January-March 2004
Page(s) 45 - 54
Published online 15 March 2004
  • Attia T, Röbbelen G (1986) Meiotic pairing in haploids and amphidiploids of spontaneous versus synthetic origin in rape, Brassica napus L. Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 28: 330–334 [Google Scholar]
  • Attia T, Busso C, Röbbelen G (1987) Digenomic triploids for an assessment of chromosome relationships in the cultivated diploid Brassica species. Genome 29: 326–330 [Google Scholar]
  • Chen BY, Cheng BF, Jørgensen RB, Heneen WK (1997) Production and cytogenetics of Brassica campestris-alboglabra chromosome addition lines. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94: 633–640 [Google Scholar]
  • Halfhill MD, Richards HA, Mabon SA, Stewart CN Jr. (2001) Expression of GFP and Bt transgenes in Brassica napus and hybridization with Brassica rapa. Theor. Appl. Genet. 103: 659–667 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Harper BK, Mabon SA, Leffel SM, Halfhill MD, Richards HA, Moyer KA, Stewart CN Jr. (1999) Green fluorescent protein as a marker for expression of a second gene in transgenic plants. Nat. Biotechnol. 17: 1125–1129 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Heneen WK, Chen BY, Cheng BF, Jonsson A, Simonsen V, Jørgensen RB, Davik J (1995) Characterization of the A and C genomes of Brassica campestris and B. alboglabra. Hereditas 123: 251–267 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Heneen WK, Jørgensen RB (2001) Cytology, RAPD, and seed color of progeny plants from Brassica rapa-alboglabra aneuploids and development of monosomic addition lines. Genome 44: 1007–1021 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hoffman CA (1990) Ecological risks of genetic engineering of crop plants. BioScience 40: 434–437 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Holm LG, Doll J, Holm E, Pancho J, Herberger J (1997) Brassica campestris L. In World Weeds: Natural Histories and Distribution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, pp 117–124 [Google Scholar]
  • Jørgensen RB, Andersen B (1994) Spontaneous hybridization between oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and weedy B. campestris (Brassicaceae): a risk of growing genetically modified oilseed rape. Am. J. Bot. 81: 1620–1626 [Google Scholar]
  • Jørgensen RB, Andersen B, Landbo L, Mikkelsen TR (1996a) Spontaneous hybridization between oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and weedy relatives. Acta Hort. 407: 193–200 [Google Scholar]
  • Jørgensen RB, Hauser T, Mikkelsen TR, Østergård H (1996b) Transfer of engineered genes from crop to wild plants. Trends Plant Sci. 1: 356–358 [Google Scholar]
  • Lu CM, Kato M, Kakihara F (2002) Destiny of a transgene escape from Brassica napus into Brassica rapa. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105: 78–84 [Google Scholar]
  • McGrath JM, Quiros CF (1990) Generation of alien chromosome addition lines from synthetic Brassica napus: morphology, cytology, fertility, and chromosome transmission. Genome 33: 374–383 [Google Scholar]
  • McGrath JM, Quiros CF (1991) Inheritance of isozyme and RFLP markers in Brassica campestris and comparison with B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 82: 668–673 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Metz PLJ, Jacobsen E, Nap JP, Pereira A, Stiekema WJ (1997) The impact on biosafety of the phosphinothricin-tolerance transgene in inter-specific B. rapa × B. napus hybrids and their successive backcrosses. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95: 442–450 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mikkelsen TR, Andersen B, Jørgensen RB (1996a) The risk of crop transgene spread. Nature 380: 31 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mikkelsen TR, Jensen J, Jørgensen RB (1996b) Inheritance of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) RAPD markers in a backcross progeny with Brassica campestris. Theor. Appl. Genet. 92: 492–497 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nozaki T, Mishiba K, Mii M, Koba T (2000) Construction of synteny groups of Brassica alboglabra by RAPD markers and detection of chromosome aberrations and distorted transmission under the genetic background of B. campestris. Theor. Appl. Genet. 101: 538–546 [Google Scholar]
  • Raybould AF, Gray AJ (1993) Genetically modified crops and hybridization with wild relatives: a UK perspective. J. Appl. Ecol. 30: 199–219 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Scheffler JA, Dale PJ (1994) Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species. Transgenic Res. 3: 263–278 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Scott SE, Wilkinson MJ (1998) Transgene risk is low. Nature 393: 320 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Snow AA (2002) Transgenic crops – why gene flow matters. Nat. Biotechnol. 20: 542 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Snow AA, Andersen B, Jørgensen RB (1999) Costs of transgenic herbicide resistance introgressed from Brassica napus into weedy B. rapa. Mol. Ecol. 8: 605–615 [Google Scholar]
  • Somers DJ, Friesen KRD, Rakow G (1998) Identification of molecular markers associated with linoleic acid desaturation in Brassica napus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96: 897–903 [Google Scholar]
  • Stewart CN Jr., Adang MJ, All JN, Boerma HR, Cardineau G, Tucker D, Parrott WA (1996) Genetic transformation, recovery, and characterization of fertile soybean transgenic for a synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis cryIAc gene. Plant Physiol. 112: 121–129 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Tomiuk J, Hauser TP, Bagger-Jørgensen R (2000) A- or C-chromosomes, does it matter for the transfer of transgenes from Brassica napus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100: 750–754 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • U N (1935) Genome analysis in Brassica with special reference to the experimental formation of B. napus and peculiar mode of fertilization. Jpn. J. Bot. 7: 389–452 [Google Scholar]
  • Warwick SI, Simard MJ, Légère A, Beckie HJ, Braun L, Zhu B, Mason P, Séguin Swartz G, Stewart CN Jr (2003) Hybridization between transgenic Brassica napus L. and its wild relatives: B. rapa L., Raphanus raphanistrum L., Sinapis arvensis L., and Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107: 528–539 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Wilkinson MJ, Elliott LJ, Allainguillaume J, Shaw MW, Norris C, Welters R, Alexander M, Sweet J, Mason DC (2003) Hybridization between Brassica napus and B. rapa on a national scale in the United Kingdom. Science 302: 457–459 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]